CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF MOVING TO ONLINE LEARNING IN THE HIGHER LEARNING INSTITUTIONS IN RWANDA : LESSONS LEARNT DURING COVID -19 PANDEMICS
By : Dr. Daniel Twesige and Dr. Faustin Gasheja
The coronavirus pandemic which started in China in December 2019 has not only created challenges on the health system, but it has had a very big impact on the education systems across the globe. This study analyzed the challenges and opportunities of moving to online learning in the higher learning institutions in Rwanda insight from the lessons learnt during Covid – 19 pandemics on the learning process of students in the higher learning institutions in Rwanda. A quantitative research design was adopted. Primary data was collected from 1170 students in 30 learning students in Rwanda using a closed ended questionnaire. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical analytical tools. The results from the survey indicated Covid -19 has impacted the learning process of students in the higher learning institutions in different ways. It has led to change in the academic calendar, suspension of exams, students in the final year unable to do their research and internship, it has affected the quality of learning and lack of learning from peers due to social distancing.
The study contributed to the existing knowledge by establishing by establishing the challenges and opportunities of moving to online learning in the higher learning institutions which included learning inequality among the students in rural areas and those from towns and the students from rich families and those from vulnerable families. This research adopted pragmatism research philosophy that allowed them to use both descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis tools
Key Terms : Covid – 19, Learning, Education institutions, online learning, Students